What Type of Exercise Burns the Most Fat?

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What Type of Exercise Burns the Most Fat?

To build a well-rounded exercise program that torches calories, builds muscle and improves fitness, it’s important that you include both cardiovascular (think: jogging or cycling) and strength training. But for time-strapped people who — let’s be honest — may not love working out, it can be challenging to find a fitness routine that burns the most fat efficiently.

The most effective way to make time for both training styles is to do them in the same session: strength followed by cardio or vice versa.

However, if you’re wondering whether combining the two could reduce the effectiveness of both, you’re not alone. One study of 97 participants found the most favorable results, including increased cardio-respiratory fitness, fat and weight loss, when combining cardio and strength in 30-minute routines practiced five times a week for 12 weeks.

A study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine divided 48 male participants into different training groups: strength training, cardio only and sessions with a combination of the two. At the end of 12 weeks, the group with combined workouts had greater aerobic capacity than the men in the siloed groups. This group also improved performance in a 4K (2.5-mile) time trial run.

Which Should You Do First: Cardio or Strength?

A number of studies have attempted to answer the next logical question: Which should I do first, cardio or strength? Unfortunately, the results are mixed.

For example, an ACE-commissioned study of 24 men and women performing combined workout sessions found that heart rate was higher during cardio when participants jogged on the treadmill after strength training, meaning they had to work harder to complete the cardio portion when it immediately followed strength work.

On the other hand, participants’ rate of perceived exertion when performing strength exercises after cardio was minimal, allowing them to perform better in both parts of the workout.

Still, many experts believe that performing strength training first depletes the body of its carbohydrates, forcing you to tap into your fat stores to power the cardio portion. If this theory is correct, it would mean that doing cardio after strength training allows you to burn more fat.

Jonathan Ross, 2010 IDEA personal trainer of the year, suggests that there is rarely a one-size-fits-all answer. He says it’s best to focus on the goal of your specific workout, choosing the sequencing and exercises that allow you to put the most energy toward that goal before you’re fatigued.

For example:

  • If your goal is to improve endurance, do cardio first.
  • If your goal is to get leaner/lose weight, do strength first.
  • If your goal is to generally get fit, you can choose which one you want to do first. Switch between cardio- or strength-first sessions every time, or do the one you like least first to get it out of the way.

If one of these goals is yours, consider using metabolic strength training to maximize fat loss, build strength and beat boredom at the same time.

Metabolic Strength Training

To maximize calorie and fat burn while also building muscle, make your strength sessions more metabolically challenging with high-intensity interval training or Tabata. These efforts force your body to expend more energy (burn more calories) in less time.

The idea behind metabolic strength sessions is simple: By making simple tweaks to rest time, intensity, reps, sets and time under tension, you force your body to use different energy pathways, thus increasing metabolic demand and expending more energy. This often translates to greater weight loss and an increase in lean muscle. A review of research published in the Journal of Obesity revealed that HIIT produces significant improvements in fitness and strength while also prompting some reduction in abdominal fat in overweight individuals. All this in less time? Win-win.

Do this metabolic strength circuit once a week for the next three weeks, varying the rest time between exercises as noted below.

Complete 10 reps of each exercise. Repeat the sequence 2–3 times total.

Modify the exercises as necessary — for example, substitute a wall-assisted push-up or a push-up with bent knees.

Week 1: 30 seconds rest between each exercise
Week 2: 15 seconds rest between each exercise
Week 3: 60 seconds rest after you complete all of the exercises in the entire set

Remember that you can also change the number of reps, number of sets, intensity and weight you use (or don’t use) to make the workout more or less challenging. And, you can modify each exercise as necessary to suit your current level of fitness, strength and mobility. These types of workouts are designed to be challenging, but be sure to use caution, particularly if you’re new to this type of exercise.

Related

  • Scott Dewhurst

    Good article, I liked reading that and I am saving this for future reference. Although I wouldn’t say cardio is ever necessary if you don’t want to do so. Strength training, walking about regularly and eating at a slight deficit are enough to achieve physique goals. But whilst not necessary, cardio is definitely a positive thing. But I think many people get too focused on cardio needing to be some sort of brutal, punishing ordeal where it can just be something that keeps you moving a bit more than you ordinarily would. I like to go for half an hour on my exercise bike in between weight sessions at a variety of intensity levels. One session I’ll go relatively hard for 30 minutes, another I’ll almost completely ease up and go lightly for 30 minutes, and another I’ll do HIIT for as long as I can last. And sometimes I do more light sessions than hard if I’m feeling sore from the gym. I dare say some light cardio might even help with recovery from aches and pains? Definitely in favour of a variety of different styles of exercise and will give that circuit a try once a week. Thanks for sharing.

  • Leslie Hendon

    Do you really only recommend this HIIT workout once a week for 3 weeks or is that a typo? Seems like it should be done more often for better effectiveness.

  • Sarge2

    I typically do a moderate, fifteen minute cardio before strength training which serves as a warmup. I then proceed to my vigorous strength training work out and followed up by another fifteen minute cardio and cool down. Of course, I switch up every few weeks, by performing strength training after a warm up and then a 30 minute cardio session switching between HIIT intervals and jogging. Variation and consistency is the key for me.

  • ljr9150

    All you show are young, health, in-shape men and women who are more than able
    to do your workouts. What about us older folks who aren’t so physically able, may have disabilities, and other incapabilities of being physically fit. I have no use for your site if I can’t relate to it.

    • Joseph P Hasapes

      And she didn’t really answer the question she posed. There is no fat burning specific activity. That is a falsehood. Rather, you must eat less than what your BMR + Activity Caloric Burn is. To your question, walking, exercising, yoga, elliptical/machine aided training is just fine. Not glamorous, but it works. 30 min/day 5-6 days per week. End of story. The benefits of whatever exercise, while not necessarily resulting in weight loss, far outweigh being sedentary. The study quoted, 97 people, is an extremely limited number of volunteers. I would not draw any conclusions from it. Of course, the benefit of doing cardio vs. strength combined, and in what order is quite the esoteric topic to begin with. Just exercise.

  • Doug Hughes

    I’ve found that a short (45 min), high-intensity strength workout without cardio (other than warmup) is best because every pound of muscle that you build burns 50 cal/day, even watching TV, and that doing cardio after strength training stimulates too much cortisol, which blunts the muscle recovery/growth period.

  • Karen

    What are scientific proven truths about the Exercise Inc. Exercise program where there is 20 minutes, approximately, doing very slow cadence strength exercises with each muscle group once a week? It is advertised as great fat burning, and helping with osteoporosis.

  • Captain Jeff

    Which should I do first has always been on my mind & no matter where you look, the answer is always varied.
    HERES WHAT I DO AND WHY!!!!
    I do strength training first because:
    1. I sweat a lot during cardio. Dont want to leave sweaty equipment (even after a
    wipe down.

    2. More lethargic after a rigorous (yes, they’re all rigorous….i dot do half-assed) cardio sess